Alopecia Areata Treatments:
Alopecia Areata is a condition that results from severe Hair Loss on the different parts of the body including the scalp, brows, beard.
This common disease is often associated with autoimmune disease; that is the immune system of the person attacks his own body. In this case, the immune system attacks one’s hair follicles in which causes hair loss.
Alopecia areata may form as the person ages because of the presence of androgenic hormones. On the other hand, some scientists believe that genetics plays a big role in Alopecia Areata.
Alopecia Areata can be acquired by both men and women in any age. The likelihood of having this skin problem significantly increases if a person comes from a family with relative autoimmune disorders such as lupus, thyroid disease and diabetes.
Actually, the world of science has not yet found the specific solution for alopecia areata. However, certain Vitamins and Supplements can be taken to promote Hair Growth.
Indeed, such condition can affect one’s self-esteem and the worse may lead to emotional stress and anxiety.
In this post, we have compiled the Top Ten Alopecia Areata Treatments which are all scientifically proven in promoting hair growth — both natural and chemical.
1. Onion Juice
According to the study featured in the Journal of Dermatology, its juice is indeed an effective remedy for alopecia.
One must extract the onion juice and apply it onto the scalp twice a day. The study surmises that this natural method can accelerate hair regrowth after two weeks.
- On the other hand, Essential Oils like Carrier and Cedarwood are seen to be of help in curing alopecia. The essential oil if applied onto one’s scalp and id massaged at least once a day.
- Compared to onion juice, oils are a little bit slower. The results can only be seen after seven months of consistent usage.
- Fortunately, essential oils do not have any known adhere side effects; however, these may cause allergies in some of its users.
Corticosteroids are basically a type of drug that suppresses our immune system. A dermatologist has different option of executing the treatment with such drug. Corticosteroids can be in the form of injection.
It is injected into the spot where hair loss is conspicuous. In some cases, corticosteroids can act as topical form of treatment (oils, lotion or ointment).
The dosage mainly depends on the type and severity of the alopecia. Usually, the drug is injected to a person with alopecia areata every three or six weeks. The effect can be seen after the fourth week but sometimes, it may take a little bit longer.
Generally, Corticosteroids, especially the pills, bear serious side effects to the users. Consequently, this treatment is only prescribed by the dermatologist in moderation.
Children and adults can try to prevent hair loss with Minoxidil. Minoxidil (5%) is primarily used on the spot and is applied at least twice a day. The usual dosage recommended by dermatologists is no more than 25 drops of minoxidil and this can be applied as well on some parts where you want to grow hair like brows and beard.
Users may see the results of minoxidil within twelve weeks with continuous use. Amazon is a good place to purchase the product as it comes with reliable reviews from verified users.
Anthralin is a type of medicine that modifies one’s immune function. Dermatologists consider anthralin as short-contact therapy. This tar-like medicine is applied onto the affected part and is leaved 20-60 minutes. The skin is then washed to remove further skin irritation.
Studies reveal that 75% of the users found anthralin effective. As such, hair regrowth can be seen in as fast as eleven weeks.
5. Psoralen Plus UV-A
Psoralen is a compound that is intended for skin problems such as psoriasis, eczema and vitiligo. Moreover, psoralen is also clinically recommended for alopecia areata.
Some dermatologists give their patients topical Psoralen, that is the compound is mixed in bath water.
Dermatologists may also give it in a form of pills. However, short-term side effects such as skin redness, nausea and burns may be experienced.
And unfortunately, there is an 88% probability of alopecia’s recurrence if the treatment is not continuous.
Studies show an impressive result of prednisone. Hair growth’s rate with this type of treatment ranges from 27-89%.
However, side effects like diabetes, hypertension and weight gain may occur. Moreover, patient’s alopecia recurs and worsens if the treatment is discontinued.
Related Article: Best Hair Loss Medicines
7. Diphencyprone (DPCP)
DPCP, like any other topical treatments, is applied on the bald portion of the skin. The effect of DPCP may be seen within three months.
Users may experience swelling of the skin, redness and itching upon undergoing the treatment. However, dermatologists firmly believe that this effect actually tricks the immune system to supply more white blood cells.
And these white blood cells then prevent one’s hair follicle from going to sleep that causes the stubborn hair loss.
Immunotherapy pertains to a treatment that induces and elicits allergic contact dermatitis to immune the skin. This method uses agents like squaric acid dibutylester and the like. Topical immunotherapy has been used for about twenty years and fortunately, there are no known adverse side effects.
The treatment is given by a dermatologist on a weekly basis in decreasing dosage. The effect of immunotherapy is slightly slower compared to the other treatments. Its results can only be seen between the 12th to 24th week of usage. Although immunotherapy is seen to be effective in treating alopecia, the US Food and Drug Administration has not yet identified its safety profiles.
Lastly, here is a Video by Belgravia Centre to help you better understand Alopecia Areata and its possible treatments.