What is Alopecia Areata?
You may have already encountered people who have thinning hair or people who have a large bald area of their head.
That is surely common; however, it may not be very common to see a person who has patches of bald areas in their head. That person is suffering from Alopecia Areata.
Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss that occurs only as small patches of bald hair on your head. What happens if you have this is that your immune system attacks your hair Follicles, the part where growth hair begins, and causes hair to fall.
As to the reason why the immune system does this, doctors have not found an explanation yet.
Alopecia Areata is a problem of hair loss in men and women and may affect primarily adults aged below 20 years old. However, you cannot be too complacent about it since it can also affect men and women of all ages.
How does it happen?
This hair loss problem begins with clumps of hair that fall out. As an effect, your scalp is left with patches of smooth and completely hairless patches.
However, in some cases, it is possible that the patches do not end up completely hairless and are left with short “exclamation point” kind of hair on the scalp. The thing about this is that it can come and go and may affect individuals at different times of their lives.
Furthermore, people who suffer from this hair loss problem usually have a rather unusual shape, color, and texture of their fingernails.
If this happens, hair grows back in 6 months to 1 year but there is a chance that the new growth of hair is white and fine. It is still possible though that the hair growth is of the same quality as the rest of the hairs.
What causes Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Areata is caused by different factors.
- For one, it can be caused by Stress. When you are exposed to too much stress, it takes its toll on your hair.
- Additionally, this disorder is also caused by an abnormality in your Immune System which leads to autoimmunity wherein the immune system starts to attack the body.
- It can also be associated with other disorders or conditions such as vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis.
- In recent research, Genes also have something to do with Alopecia Areata.
It has also been found out that 10 percent of people affected with this condition may never grow their hair back.
This happens most especially for those who:
1. Have a family history of this condition
2. Have other autoimmune diseases
3. Are more prone to allergies
4. Have extensive hair loss
5. Have had the condition for over one year before the onset of puberty
If you think that you have Alopecia Areata, then you should go to a doctor and have yourself checked. The doctor will recommend medications and other things for your condition.
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